Jul 26, 2018Downy mildew found in Michigan cucumbers in 2018
Growers on the west side of Michigan should consider fungicide sprays for cucumbers and melons (watermelons, cantaloupe, muskmelon) now that downy mildew has been verified in Berrien County on July 24, 2018. The downy mildew infection on the leaf sample from Berrien County was advanced with heavy spore production. It is likely that additional cucurbit fields in this county and nearby counties are also infected with the downy mildew pathogen and should be protected with recommended fungicides. Growers in other areas of the state should remain vigilant, scout their fields for downy mildew and consider applying a fungicide.
Last minute rescue applications of fungicides fail to limit downy mildew and protect the crop. Several fungicides are no longer effective as a result of pathogen resistance. Field trials show an infection that is not effectively managed causes yield loss and fruit distortion. Plants must be protected preventively before the pathogen becomes established.
An important fact is that when the weather conditions are especially favorable for downy mildew, timing of fungicide applications becomes crucial. In our Michigan State University field plots, when the plants become infected almost immediately after emergence, it is challenging to limit disease development.
Melon leaf infected with downy mildew. Photo by Mary Hausbeck, MSU.
Given the later appearance of downy mildew in the state this year, the first planting has been harvested without a downy mildew problem. The state’s second pickling cucumber planting is vulnerable. When temperatures exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit and are accompanied by dry conditions, downy mildew is not favored. The return to more moderate temperatures and rainfall in some areas of the state will favor the pathogen and downy mildew disease.
Spore trapping for the pathogen has been ongoing in the state and overall, downy mildew spores in the northern and east side of the state have not been found in significant numbers so far. This information is posted and updated frequently. Go to the Downy Mildew News webpage.
Refer to the table below for fungicides to manage downy mildew.
|Preferred downy mildew fungicides for cucurbits|
|Product||Active ingredient||FRAC||Comment (maximum applications/season)|
|*Orondis Opti||oxathiapiprolin/ chlorothalonil||49/ M05||Do not use for more than 1/3 of the total foliar fungicide applications. (6)|
|*Elumin SC||ethaboxam||22||Mix with chlorothalonil or mancozeb. (2)|
|*Ranman 4SC||cyazofamid||21||Mix with chlorothalonil or mancozeb. (6)|
|Gavel 75DF||mancozeb/ zoxamide||M03/ 22||Mix with chlorothalonil or other downy mildew fungicide. (8)|
|Zampro 4.4SC||ametoctradin/ dimethomorph||45/40||Apply as a foliar spray. Mix with chlorothalonil or mancozeb. (3)|
|Zing! SC||zoxamide/ chlorothalonil||22/ M05||Mix with mancozeb or other downy mildew fungicide. (8)|
*These products have performed exceptionally well in Michigan trials. Follow label recommendations for resistance management.
This material is based upon work that is supported by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, under award number 2016-68004-24931.
Photo at top: Cucumber leaf infected with downy mildew. Photo: Mary Hausbeck/ MSU